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The families of flowering plants.                                                                                                                                                                

Neumanniaceae Van Tiegh.

                        

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AlternativelyAphloiaceae (e.g., APG)~ Flacourtiaceae

Habit and leaf form. Shrubs. Leaves alternate (sometimes turning blue on drying); simple. Lamina entire. Leavesexstipulate. Lamina margins usually serrate.

Leaf anatomy. Stomata present; anisocytic.

Stem anatomy. Secondary thickening developing from a conventional cambial ring.

Reproductive type, pollination. Unisexual flowersabsent. Plants hermaphrodite.

Inflorescence, floral, fruit and seed morphology. Flowers aggregated in ‘inflorescences’; in fascicles. Inflorescences axillary. Flowers regular.

Perianthsepaline (petals lacking); 4–5. Calyx 4–5; polysepalous; much imbricate.

Androecium 30–100 (‘many’). Androecial members maturing centrifugally; free of the perianth; free of one another. Androecium exclusively of fertile stamens. Stamens 30–100 (‘many’); polystemonous; filantherous (the filaments filiform, persistent). Anthers small.

Gynoecium seemingly 1 carpelled. Carpels reduced in number relative to the perianth. The pistil 1 celled. Gynoecium seemingly monomerous; seemingly of one carpel; superior. Carpel apically stigmatic (with a sessile, peltate stigma); 2–10 ovuled (? — ‘few’). Placentation marginal. Ovules biseriate; more or less campylotropous.

Fruit fleshy. The fruiting carpel indehiscent; baccate. Seeds sparsely endospermic. Embryo well differentiated. Embryo curved (horseshoe-shaped).

Geography, cytology. Paleotropical. Tropical. Tropical East Africa, Madagascar, Mascarene Is.

Taxonomy.Subclass Dicotyledonae; Crassinucelli. Dahlgren’s Superorder Violiflorae; Violales. Cronquist’s Subclass Dilleniidae; Violales. APG 3 core angiosperms; core eudicot; Superorder Rosanae; malvid; Order Crossosomatales.

Species 1–6. Genera 1 (?); only genus, Aphloia.

General remarks. Very incomplete description. APG (1998) employ the name Aphloiaceae – nomenclature has not been pursued for this description.

 Illustrations:

  • Aphloia: Sketched flowering sprays and technical details.
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